Carbon Markets 101 – The ultimate guide to market-based climate mechanisms

This guide gives an introduction to the current state of international carbon credit markets. It lays out key elements of the newly established markets under the Paris Agreement, and the functioning of the voluntary carbon market, which operates outside of the UN system. It concludes with a discussion of the role of these mechanisms in climate action, and how they should and should not be used.

Flights of Fancy: Preventing European airlines from making far-fetched climate claims

A study commissioned by Carbon Market Watch and conducted by the Öko-Institut analysed the action or investments that eight major European airlines were taking outside their value chains. These include activities that supposedly avoid or reduce greenhouse gas emissions and those that remove and store greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. The eight selected airlines are …

Expanding the EU’s carbon market for aviation: Study and Briefing

A study commissioned by Carbon Market Watch and Transport & Environment (T&E), and conducted by TAKS, analysed the emission reductions, costs and auctioning revenues generated by extending the scope of the Emission Trading System (ETS) for aviation. The three scenarios analysed are 1) the European Commission’s (EC) proposal as part of the Fit For 55 …

Analysis and suggested amendments to the European Commission’s revised proposal for the EU ETS for aviation

The European Commission’s proposed revision of the EU’s Emissions Trading System for aviation and implementation of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) lays out the groundwork for the welcome phasing out of free allocation. However, it fails to uphold, let alone strengthen, carbon pricing for the aviation sector by prioritising the risky and ineffective implementation of CORSIA over a full-scope inclusion of flights under the EU ETS.

Airlines continue to push against climate policies as EU Commission proposes new rules

Airlines have been hit hard by the pandemic induced economic slowdown and travel restrictions, but are also using the situation as an excuse to lobby even harder against climate regulations. As the EU works on its aviation climate package, it must ensure that – like other transport modes – the sector pays for its pollution …

Carbon markets 101 – the ultimate guide to global offsetting mechanisms

This briefing gives an overview of the current discussions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement which establishes the foundation for market-based climate measures after 2020. It lays out key lessons from the Kyoto Protocol markets, highlights essential issues within the Article 6 negotiations, and provides recommendations on how to solve them. It concludes with …