International transport

Planes and ships are a growing source of global greenhouse gas emissions. On their current path, they will account for almost 40% of global CO2 emissions by 2050. While countries are responsible for the emissions from transport within their borders, responsibility for pollution from international shipping and aviation are hard to attribute to a particular country or jurisdiction.

For this reason, the primary responsibility for these sector’s climate efforts was assigned to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) respectively under the Kyoto protocol in 1997. The 2015 Paris climate Agreement requires all countries to pursue economy-wide greenhouse gas emission reductions. It is therefore essential that all sectors of the economy contribute, including aviation and shipping.

Following both UN processes as part of the NGO observer groups – International Coalition for Sustainable Aviation and Clean Shipping Coalition -, Carbon Market Watch works to ensure ambitious and rapid emission reductions from both sectors.