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15 Mar 2019

First class or economy? – An assessment of credit providers for the aviation offsetting scheme

Executive summary The Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), a new carbon market established under the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), aims to compensate the growth in CO2 emissions from international aviation above 2020 levels, starting in 2021. ICAO must, therefore, identify which carbon offsets airlines can use to meet their obligations….

3 Dec 2018

Aligning EU Investment and Climate Targets

How the EU Budget can help Member States in reducing emissions Executive Summary The Commission presented proposals relating to the post-2020 EU budget in May and June 2018. The next EU budget spans from 2021 to 2027 and the revenue streams, as well as where the money will be invested, are both topics of discussion…

29 Oct 2018

The Clean Development Mechanism: Local Impacts of a Global System

Executive Summary The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was set up under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to allow developed countries to buy emissions reductions from developing countries in the form of credits, called Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs). The objectives of the CDM are to help developed countries achieve their climate commitment and to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable…

26 Sep 2018

National Energy and Climate Plans and the transition to carbon-free societies – A civil society guide

Introduction In the coming time, Member States will need to develop National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), in collaboration with stakeholders, to show how they plan to meet their 2030 climate and energy commitments. This provides an opportunity for civil society to help shape the key national decisions for the next decade and to ensure that they…

31 Aug 2018

Reconciling CORSIA and the Sustainable Development Mechanism

Executive Summary The Paris Agreement breaks away from the division of “developed” vs. “developing” countries which was enshrined in the Kyoto Protocol. It sets a new dynamic which will inevitably impact the next generation of carbon markets. It further sets new objectives for these mechanisms, such as contributing to overall mitigation of global GHG emissions and…

21 Jun 2018

Background briefing: Why we need to avoid a free for all of projects under the aviation offsetting scheme

36 countries of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) are currently meeting in Montreal, Canada, to decide on the rules for the Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). The so called “CORSIA package” includes criteria for the offset credits purchased by airlines and criteria for alternative fuels, which can…

26 Apr 2018

Practitioner’s guide for local stakeholder consultation – how to ensure adequate public participation in climate mitigation actions

Introduction Over the past 20 years, global efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change have increasingly relied upon the implementation of local mitigation projects. While aiming to reduce emissions in the most cost-effective way, some of these projects have built up a record of adverse impacts on local people, resulting in the displacement of…

16 Apr 2018

Understanding the Climate Action Regulation

How effective will the EU’s largest post-2020 climate tool be? Introduction The Climate Action Regulation (CAR), also known as the Effort Sharing Regulation, is Europe’s tool to reduce the climate impact of sectors not covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). Covering 60% of the EU’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the law sets…

20 Feb 2018

Briefing for the European Parliament environment committee on draft rules for global aviation offsetting mechanism

Joint briefing by Carbon Market Watch and Transport and Environment Overview The ICAO General Assembly, in October 2016, adopted an assembly resolution to establish a global offsetting mechanism for international aviation for emissions above 2020 levels (CORSIA). We have a number of concerns about this overall agreement: in particular the weak target and the exclusive…

9 Feb 2018

Understanding the CORSIA Package – Report (ICSA)

Executive Summary Agreed in October 2016 by 191 countries in the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)1 is the world’s first global market-based climate measure for a sector. While agreement to establish CORSIA was an important development, ICSA believes that it is only one component of the action…