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Briefings
4 May 2017

Too big to fail? Environmental responsibilities of the UNFCCC and ICAO processes for aviation’s new carbon market

Last year, states created an offsetting scheme to compensate for aviation’s pollution growth above 2020 levels. The Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) is supposed to contribute to the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement. However, compensating for growing emissions does not reduce emissions overall, nor put the sector on a pathway to do so. ICAO will finalize details for the CORSIA by the end of 2017. Crucial elements include the type of credits allowed, registry design, and Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) rules.

Policy Submissions
4 May 2017

Recommendations for APA Items 3, 5 and 6 as they relate to bunkers targets outside of the scope of NDCs

Prepared for the Bonn Climate Change Conference 8 – 18 May 2017 International aviation and shipping emissions, referred to as bunkers emissions, are principally dealt with under the UN processes of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) respectively. However, they also significantly interact with the Paris Agreement. International emissions…

Briefings
7 Mar 2017

Addressing aviation emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System

In February 2017, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal regarding coverage of aviation emissions by the EU’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). In response to the offsetting agreement reached in the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) in October of 2016, the Commission proposes to cover only intra-European flights with the EU ETS and to exclude flights entering and leaving Europe.

Policy Submissions
4 Nov 2016

Recommendations for APA Items 3, 5 and 6 as they relate to the market-based measure established by ICAO

Carbon Market Watch welcomes the opportunity to provide input to the APA discussions[1] as they relate to the market mechanism agreed in October 2016 at the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) 39th Assembly and adjustments needed to accurately harmonize the climate measure with ongoing work in the UNFCCC.

Briefings
25 Oct 2016

Report: Offsetting in the aviation sector

Efforts to address the rapid growth of emissions from air travel have been under discussion for years within the United Nations’ aviation body – the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). In 2013, ICAO agreed on a goal of limiting international aviation’s net emissions growth to 2020 levels (estimated at roughly 700 million tonnes CO2 per year in 20201 ), via a mix of efficiency measures, biofuel use, technology and operational improvements including a CO2 standard, and a global market-based measure (GMBM). In other words, the industry’s growth from 2020 onward should be “neutral” in terms of net CO2 emissions.

Policy Submissions
31 May 2016

Consultation to the EU Commission: How to reconcile the Global Market Based Mechanism with the EU Emissions Trading System

Following the Paris Agreement and considering the agreed long-term goal, what kind of effort should come from international aviation and how should this develop over time? The international CNG2020 goal should be legally binding and enforced from the start of the GMBM in 2021. In the future, the cap should then be progressively tightened and…

Briefings
22 Dec 2015

Paris outcomes: Carbon Market Watch Analysis of COP 21

From 30 November to 12 December 2015, Parties to the UNFCCC met in Paris to negotiate a new global climate treaty.

The Paris Agreement was a remarkable outcome, especially after the failures of Copenhagen. Almost all involved, including Carbon Market Watch, seemed surprised at how positive the outcome was. However, expectations had been carefully managed in the preceding years, so that aspirations of environmentalists to have a treaty that reflected the scientific reality by dividing up the remaining global carbon budget, had been downplayed into unreality.

Briefings
20 Nov 2015

Recommendations related to the role of carbon markets in the Paris Agreement

Only very few countries have outlined in their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) that they will use international trading as a means to help achieve their climate goals. However, despite the limited role of markets expressed by most industrialised countries in their INDCs, such as the EU and the US, the political reality regarding domestic carbon pricing schemes looks different: jurisdictions responsible for 40% of the global economy have already implemented carbon pricing mechanisms.

Briefings
27 Oct 2015

Policy Brief: Aviation’s Credibility on Environmental Integrity

ICAO is developing a Global Market Based Mechanism to achieve the goal of carbon neutral growth in the industry post-2020. Work is currently in progress to define which credits should be eligible to be used as offsets in this market.

Briefings
21 Apr 2015

Briefing: Aviation and Climate Change

Climate change is happening. Global average temperatures have already increased by 0.8ºC above preindustrial levels. Current trends imply a warming of 2.9-5.2ºC by the end of the century, which, even at the low end of the range, will cause great impacts on the planet and threaten many areas of human life, including health, food security, economic growth, societal change, and drinking water. 2015 is a key year for global efforts to combat climate change and keep warming under 2ºC, the warming limit agreed in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change negotiations.