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Policy Submissions
14 Jun 2019

Carbon Market Watch’s briefing note for the June 2019 Bonn UNFCCC session

Dear respected colleague, Ahead of the Bonn Climate Change Conference 17-27 June 2019, Carbon Market Watch is pleased to share our recommendations for Article 6 negotiations. Strong rules to avoid double-counting of emission reductions There is a significant risk that emission reductions under the Paris Agreement could be counted towards two or more climate commitments…

Briefings
14 Jun 2019

Carbon markets 101 – the ultimate guide to global offsetting mechanisms

Introduction This briefing gives an overview of the current discussions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement which establishes the foundation for market-based climate measures after 2020. It lays out key lessons from the Kyoto Protocol markets, highlights essential issues within the Article 6 negotiations, and provides recommendations on how to solve them. It concludes…

Policy Submissions
8 Dec 2018

Reflection Note on the necessity for stakeholder consultations, avenues for redress, and environmental and social safeguards under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Introduction Article 6 of the Paris Agreement creates mechanisms that allow for Parties to engage in cooperative approaches to achieve emission reductions and contribute to the implementation and progressive revision of NDCs. As Parties gather at COP24 to finalize the implementation guidelines, they need to ensure that any mechanism created under Article 6 does not repeat the mistakes of…

Briefings
29 Oct 2018

The Clean Development Mechanism: Local Impacts of a Global System

Executive Summary The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was set up under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to allow developed countries to buy emissions reductions from developing countries in the form of credits, called Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs). The objectives of the CDM are to help developed countries achieve their climate commitment and to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable…

Policy Submissions
27 Apr 2018

Recommendations for the Article 6.4 of the Paris Agreement

Prepared for the Bonn Climate Change Conference 30 April – 10 May 2018 In elaborating the rules, modalities, and procedures for Article 6.4, it is imperative that Parties learn from past experiences with the Kyoto Protocol’s carbon offsetting mechanisms Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI), and integrate provisions to ensure environmental integrity, foster…

Briefings
26 Apr 2018

Practitioner’s guide for local stakeholder consultation – how to ensure adequate public participation in climate mitigation actions

Introduction Over the past 20 years, global efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change have increasingly relied upon the implementation of local mitigation projects. While aiming to reduce emissions in the most cost-effective way, some of these projects have built up a record of adverse impacts on local people, resulting in the displacement of…

Briefings
4 May 2017

Building blocks for a robust Sustainable Development Mechanism

The Paris Agreement marks a new era for international climate action in general, and specifically for international carbon markets. Though the agreement does not mention markets per se, Article 6 paragraph 4 establishes what has become to be known as the Sustainable Development Mechanism (SDM) which builds on and shares some features of the Kyoto flexible mechanisms namely the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI).

Briefings
8 Nov 2016

Carbon Markets in the Post Paris World

The Paris Agreement represents a new era for international climate action, including for international carbon markets. Humans have emitted so much into the atmosphere that even if compensated, very little can still be emitted to limit serious consequences of climate change. 2°C of warming would have very negative effects, which is why it is important to swiftly work towards the Paris goal of the 1.5°C limit. If carbon markets are to help work towards this goal, they must work to rapidly increase ambition and guarantee high environmental integrity.

Policy Submissions
4 Nov 2016

Recommendations for appeals against decisions of the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism

Carbon Market Watch welcomes the opportunity to provide input to the discussions on the procedures, mechanisms and institutional arrangements for appeals against decisions of the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) – SBI agenda item 7b.

Policy Submissions
6 Oct 2016

Carbon Market Watch submission to SBSTA on the Sustainable Development Mechanism

Following the precedent of the Kyoto Flexible Mechanisms – the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI) – the Paris Agreement established a new ‘mechanism to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and support sustainable development’. The new mechanism bears some similarity to the CDM and JI, but will function in a…