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Policy Submissions
8 Dec 2018

Reflection Note on the necessity for stakeholder consultations, avenues for redress, and environmental and social safeguards under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Introduction Article 6 of the Paris Agreement creates mechanisms that allow for Parties to engage in cooperative approaches to achieve emission reductions and contribute to the implementation and progressive revision of NDCs. As Parties gather at COP24 to finalize the implementation guidelines, they need to ensure that any mechanism created under Article 6 does not repeat the mistakes of…

Briefings
3 Dec 2018

Aligning EU Investment and Climate Targets

How the EU Budget can help Member States in reducing emissions Executive Summary The Commission presented proposals relating to the post-2020 EU budget in May and June 2018. The next EU budget spans from 2021 to 2027 and the revenue streams, as well as where the money will be invested, are both topics of discussion…

Policy Submissions
29 Nov 2018

Recommendations for SBSTA49 agenda item 11(b) as it relates to rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by article 6.4 of the Paris Agreement

Prepared for the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice 49th meeting, COP24, Katowice In determining the rules, modalities, and procedures for Article 6.4, it is imperative that Parties learn from past experiences and strive for this mechanism to contribute to greater ambition. Specifically, lessons should be drawn from the Kyoto Protocol’s carbon offsetting mechanisms,…

Policy Submissions
29 Nov 2018

Recommendations for SBSTA49 agenda item 11(a) as it relates to the guidance for cooperative approaches referred to in article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement

Prepared for the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice 49th meeting, COP24, Katowice As part of the Paris Rulebook discussions at COP24, further elaborations are needed on the rules for article 6. Guidance for cooperative approaches under article 6.2 is an important element of these rules, and will need to be determined in a…

Briefings
29 Oct 2018

The Clean Development Mechanism: Local Impacts of a Global System

Executive Summary The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was set up under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to allow developed countries to buy emissions reductions from developing countries in the form of credits, called Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs). The objectives of the CDM are to help developed countries achieve their climate commitment and to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable…

Policy Submissions
8 Oct 2018

Future climate and energy policy – a Strategy for long-term EU greenhouse gas emissions reductions

Climate change is happening and without further global action to mitigate it, temperatures will rise within this century well beyond a 2°Celsius compared to pre-industrial times. This will have major impacts on our economies and societies. In order to prevent this, 178 global partners cooperating under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have ratified the…

Briefings
26 Sep 2018

National Energy and Climate Plans and the transition to carbon-free societies – A civil society guide

Introduction In the coming time, Member States will need to develop National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), in collaboration with stakeholders, to show how they plan to meet their 2030 climate and energy commitments. This provides an opportunity for civil society to help shape the key national decisions for the next decade and to ensure that they…

Briefings
31 Aug 2018

Reconciling CORSIA and the Sustainable Development Mechanism

Executive Summary The Paris Agreement breaks away from the division of “developed” vs. “developing” countries which was enshrined in the Kyoto Protocol. It sets a new dynamic which will inevitably impact the next generation of carbon markets. It further sets new objectives for these mechanisms, such as contributing to overall mitigation of global GHG emissions and…

Briefings
21 Jun 2018

Background briefing: Why we need to avoid a free for all of projects under the aviation offsetting scheme

36 countries of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) are currently meeting in Montreal, Canada, to decide on the rules for the Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). The so called “CORSIA package” includes criteria for the offset credits purchased by airlines and criteria for alternative fuels, which can…

Policy Submissions
27 Apr 2018

Recommendations for the Article 6.4 of the Paris Agreement

Prepared for the Bonn Climate Change Conference 30 April – 10 May 2018 In elaborating the rules, modalities, and procedures for Article 6.4, it is imperative that Parties learn from past experiences with the Kyoto Protocol’s carbon offsetting mechanisms Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI), and integrate provisions to ensure environmental integrity, foster…