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Briefings
19 Sep 2019

Avoiding A Carbon Crash: how to phase out coal and strengthen the EU ETS

Executive summary 12 European countries have committed to closing down coal-fired power plants over the coming years. In order to do their part in limiting the global temperature rise to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, all EU countries will have to follow on this path and phase out coal by 20301. While this is an urgent…

Policy Submissions
14 Jun 2019

Carbon Market Watch’s briefing note for the June 2019 Bonn UNFCCC session

Dear respected colleague, Ahead of the Bonn Climate Change Conference 17-27 June 2019, Carbon Market Watch is pleased to share our recommendations for Article 6 negotiations. Strong rules to avoid double-counting of emission reductions There is a significant risk that emission reductions under the Paris Agreement could be counted towards two or more climate commitments…

Briefings
14 Jun 2019

Carbon markets 101 – the ultimate guide to global offsetting mechanisms

Introduction This briefing gives an overview of the current discussions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement which establishes the foundation for market-based climate measures after 2020. It lays out key lessons from the Kyoto Protocol markets, highlights essential issues within the Article 6 negotiations, and provides recommendations on how to solve them. It concludes…

Briefings
25 Apr 2019

Cracking Europe’s hardest climate nut – How to kick-start the zero-carbon transition of energy-intensive industries?

Executive summary With total greenhouse gas emissions of 708 million tonnes1 per year, resource and energy intensive industry is the third largest climate polluter in Europe2. The cement, chemical, and steel sectors alone are responsible for almost 60% of these emissions. Industrial emissions are regulated under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS), but the numerous…

Briefings
29 Oct 2018

The Clean Development Mechanism: Local Impacts of a Global System

Executive Summary The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was set up under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to allow developed countries to buy emissions reductions from developing countries in the form of credits, called Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs). The objectives of the CDM are to help developed countries achieve their climate commitment and to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable…

Policy Submissions
27 Apr 2018

Recommendations for the Article 6.4 of the Paris Agreement

Prepared for the Bonn Climate Change Conference 30 April – 10 May 2018 In elaborating the rules, modalities, and procedures for Article 6.4, it is imperative that Parties learn from past experiences with the Kyoto Protocol’s carbon offsetting mechanisms Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI), and integrate provisions to ensure environmental integrity, foster…

Policy Submissions
10 Apr 2018

Carbon Market Watch’s response to the public consultation on the EU ETS Innovation Fund

Europe’s energy-intensive industries need an urgent transformation in order to dramatically reduce their emissions in line with the Paris climate goals. This is far from the reality: EU industrial emissions rose by 2% in 2017 and projections show that they are not expected to decline up to 2030. One of the more challenging elements of…

Policy Submissions
31 Jan 2018

Submission on methodology to determine the list of sectors and subsectors deemed exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage

This feedback was submitted to the European Commission, expressing Carbon Market Watch’s views on the inclusion of sectors on the carbon leakage list of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). The carbon leakage list identifies all sectors which are deemed by the Commission to be at risk of leakage, i.e. the geographical displacement of…

Briefings
8 Dec 2017

Beyond the EU ETS: Strengthening Europe’s carbon market through national action

Executive summary In autumn 2017, the EU Member States and the European Parliament agreed on the revision of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), setting out the scheme’s rules for the 2021-2030 period. The EU ETS aims to put a price on carbon by requiring installations across Europe to surrender allowances reflecting their level…

Policy Submissions
15 Nov 2017

Response to impact assessment of the carbon leakage list for the period 2021-2030

The assessment of the carbon leakage list for the post-2020 period will need to be informed by the performance of the carbon leakage provisions to date. So far, the excessively generous handout of free permits has resulted in over 25 billion euros windfall profits (e.g. the polluter has been paid, rather than having been made…