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Policy Submissions
11 Mar 2020

Carbon Market Watch input to public consultation on draft ETS state aid guidelines

Given that there is as yet no hard evidence of carbon leakage caused by indirect costs passed through by power companies, Carbon Market Watch cannot support using taxpayer money to protect the industry from an unproven “carbon leakage risk”. Indirect cost compensation, coupled with free allocation of emission allowances, undermines the polluter pays principle and…

Briefings
19 Sep 2019

Avoiding A Carbon Crash: how to phase out coal and strengthen the EU ETS

Executive summary 12 European countries have committed to closing down coal-fired power plants over the coming years. In order to do their part in limiting the global temperature rise to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, all EU countries will have to follow on this path and phase out coal by 20301. While this is an urgent…

Policy Submissions
14 Jun 2019

Carbon Market Watch’s briefing note for the June 2019 Bonn UNFCCC session

Dear respected colleague, Ahead of the Bonn Climate Change Conference 17-27 June 2019, Carbon Market Watch is pleased to share our recommendations for Article 6 negotiations. Strong rules to avoid double-counting of emission reductions There is a significant risk that emission reductions under the Paris Agreement could be counted towards two or more climate commitments…

Briefings
14 Jun 2019

Carbon markets 101 – the ultimate guide to global offsetting mechanisms

Introduction This briefing gives an overview of the current discussions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement which establishes the foundation for market-based climate measures after 2020. It lays out key lessons from the Kyoto Protocol markets, highlights essential issues within the Article 6 negotiations, and provides recommendations on how to solve them. It concludes…

Briefings
25 Apr 2019

Cracking Europe’s hardest climate nut – How to kick-start the zero-carbon transition of energy-intensive industries?

Executive summary With total greenhouse gas emissions of 708 million tonnes per year, the resource and energy-intensive industry is the third-largest climate polluter in Europe. The cement, chemical, and steel sectors alone are responsible for almost 60% of these emissions. Industrial emissions are regulated under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS), but the numerous exemptions…

Policy Submissions
8 Dec 2018

Reflection Note on the necessity for stakeholder consultations, avenues for redress, and environmental and social safeguards under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Introduction Article 6 of the Paris Agreement creates mechanisms that allow for Parties to engage in cooperative approaches to achieve emission reductions and contribute to the implementation and progressive revision of NDCs. As Parties gather at COP24 to finalize the implementation guidelines, they need to ensure that any mechanism created under Article 6 does not repeat the mistakes of…

Briefings
3 Dec 2018

Aligning EU Investment and Climate Targets

How the EU Budget can help Member States in reducing emissions Executive Summary The Commission presented proposals relating to the post-2020 EU budget in May and June 2018. The next EU budget spans from 2021 to 2027 and the revenue streams, as well as where the money will be invested, are both topics of discussion…

Briefings
29 Oct 2018

The Clean Development Mechanism: Local Impacts of a Global System

Executive Summary The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was set up under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to allow developed countries to buy emissions reductions from developing countries in the form of credits, called Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs). The objectives of the CDM are to help developed countries achieve their climate commitment and to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable…

Briefings
26 Sep 2018

National Energy and Climate Plans and the transition to carbon-free societies – A civil society guide

Introduction In the coming time, Member States will need to develop National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), in collaboration with stakeholders, to show how they plan to meet their 2030 climate and energy commitments. This provides an opportunity for civil society to help shape the key national decisions for the next decade and to ensure that they…

Briefings
31 Aug 2018

Reconciling CORSIA and the Sustainable Development Mechanism

Executive Summary The Paris Agreement breaks away from the division of “developed” vs. “developing” countries which was enshrined in the Kyoto Protocol. It sets a new dynamic which will inevitably impact the next generation of carbon markets. It further sets new objectives for these mechanisms, such as contributing to overall mitigation of global GHG emissions and…