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Briefings
31 Aug 2018

Reconciling CORSIA and the Sustainable Development Mechanism

Executive Summary The Paris Agreement breaks away from the division of “developed” vs. “developing” countries which was enshrined in the Kyoto Protocol. It sets a new dynamic which will inevitably impact the next generation of carbon markets. It further sets new objectives for these mechanisms, such as contributing to overall mitigation of global GHG emissions and…

Briefings
21 Jun 2018

Background briefing: Why we need to avoid a free for all of projects under the aviation offsetting scheme

36 countries of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) are currently meeting in Montreal, Canada, to decide on the rules for the Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). The so called “CORSIA package” includes criteria for the offset credits purchased by airlines and criteria for alternative fuels, which can…

Briefings
20 Feb 2018

Briefing for the European Parliament environment committee on draft rules for global aviation offsetting mechanism

Joint briefing by Carbon Market Watch and Transport and Environment Overview The ICAO General Assembly, in October 2016, adopted an assembly resolution to establish a global offsetting mechanism for international aviation for emissions above 2020 levels (CORSIA). We have a number of concerns about this overall agreement: in particular the weak target and the exclusive…

Briefings
9 Feb 2018

Understanding the CORSIA Package – Report (ICSA)

Executive Summary Agreed in October 2016 by 191 countries in the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)1 is the world’s first global market-based climate measure for a sector. While agreement to establish CORSIA was an important development, ICSA believes that it is only one component of the action…

Briefings
13 Nov 2017

Visibility Unlimited: Transparency of the new aviation carbon market

Executive summary A new offsetting scheme called the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) was established by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) in 2016 to compensate for the industry’s emissions growth above 2020 levels. Although this measure will address less than a third of the sectors’ total expected emissions in 2030,…

Briefings
4 May 2017

Too big to fail? Environmental responsibilities of the UNFCCC and ICAO processes for aviation’s new carbon market

Last year, states created an offsetting scheme to compensate for aviation’s pollution growth above 2020 levels. The Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) is supposed to contribute to the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement. However, compensating for growing emissions does not reduce emissions overall, nor put the sector on a pathway to do so. ICAO will finalize details for the CORSIA by the end of 2017. Crucial elements include the type of credits allowed, registry design, and Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) rules.

Briefings
7 Mar 2017

Addressing aviation emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System

In February 2017, the European Commission presented a legislative proposal regarding coverage of aviation emissions by the EU’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). In response to the offsetting agreement reached in the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) in October of 2016, the Commission proposes to cover only intra-European flights with the EU ETS and to exclude flights entering and leaving Europe.

Briefings
25 Oct 2016

Report: Offsetting in the aviation sector

Efforts to address the rapid growth of emissions from air travel have been under discussion for years within the United Nations’ aviation body – the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). In 2013, ICAO agreed on a goal of limiting international aviation’s net emissions growth to 2020 levels (estimated at roughly 700 million tonnes CO2 per year in 20201 ), via a mix of efficiency measures, biofuel use, technology and operational improvements including a CO2 standard, and a global market-based measure (GMBM). In other words, the industry’s growth from 2020 onward should be “neutral” in terms of net CO2 emissions.

Briefings
14 Oct 2016

The CORSIA: ICAO’s market based measure and implications for Europe

Executive Summary On October 6th, Member States of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) agreed on an offsetting scheme to compensate for emissions growth from 2020 levels. The new scheme, called the Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), falls short of achieving the goal of carbon neutral growth in 2020 (CNG2020), let…

Briefings
5 May 2016

Cabin cross check: Safety criteria for aviation’s market-based measure

Summary Aviation accounts for approximately 4.9% of all global warming1 and is projected to grow by up to 300% by 2050 if left unaddressed. In order to limit the global average temperature rise to 1.5°C above preindustrial levels, international aviation must contribute to the global effort to reduce emissions. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the international body responsible…