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Letters
1 Dec 2021

Open letter to the European Commission on sustainable carbon cycles

The anticipated Sustainable Carbon Cycles Communication has significant merits but risks seriously undermining its own declared purpose of climate ambition.

Policy Submissions
25 Nov 2021

Analysis and suggested amendments to the European Commission’s revised proposal for the EU ETS for aviation

The European Commission’s proposed revision of the EU’s Emissions Trading System for aviation and implementation of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) lays out the groundwork for the welcome phasing out of free allocation. However, it fails to uphold, let alone strengthen, carbon pricing for the aviation sector by prioritising the risky and ineffective implementation of CORSIA over a full-scope inclusion of flights under the EU ETS.

Policy Submissions
17 Nov 2021

Principles for market-based measures to decarbonise international shipping

Submitted by the Clean Shipping Coalition (of which Carbon Market Watch is a member), this document summarises the key principles that any market-based measure (MBM) agreed at the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) level needs to follow in order for it to be a fair and effective tool for contributing to the decarbonisation of international shipping.

Investigation
25 Oct 2021

Net-zero pipe dreams: Why fossil fuels cannot be carbon neutral

Executive summary With fossil fuels being branded “carbon neutral” left and right, this Carbon Market Watch investigative report analyses 18 recent carbon neutrality claims in detail, uncovering that they amount to brazen greenwashing. These “carbon neutral” fossil fuel claims primarily concern liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargoes, with two relating to oil and condensate shipments. The…

Briefings
6 Jul 2021

Briefing for ministerial discussions on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

Introduction: The UK COP Presidency has planned informal ministerial consultations on July 7 and July 12, in order to make progress on Article 6, which is still in stalemate despite recent technical discussions. Ministers have been asked to discuss a set of framing questions on three key sticking points: double counting of emissions, possible transition…

Briefings
30 Jun 2021

Two Shades of Green: How hot air forest credits are being used to avoid carbon taxes in Colombia

Update 1 July: Verra published a statement in response to this report, questioning its findings and accusing it of using flawed methodologies. Our response to Verra is available here. Executive summary The Colombian government adopted a carbon tax of approximately US$5/tCO2e covering fossil fuels in 2016. Companies can avoid paying the tax by purchasing carbon…

Briefings
10 Jun 2021

How can the EU Emissions Trading System drive the aviation sector’s decarbonisation?

This policy paper complements the briefing “A New Hope – recommendations for the EU Emissions Trading System review” Introduction: The aviation sector is responsible for nearly 4% of the EU’s total CO2 emissions, and is the second biggest contributor to transport emissions, after road transport. While in flight, planes emit CO2 and also impact the…

Briefings
7 Jun 2021

Additional profits of sectors and firms from the EU ETS 2008-2019

This report by CE Delft was commissioned by Carbon Market Watch Summary This study has calculated the additional profits that sectors and companies have made from the EU ETS between 2008 to 2019 for the fifteen most CO2-intensive sectors plus aviation in nineteen EU countries. In our study we have investigated three types of profits:…

Briefings
7 Jun 2021

The Phantom Leakage – Industry windfall profits from Europe’s carbon market 2008-2019

Executive summary  Since its inception, the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS) has been giving free allowances to most energy-intensive industries deemed at risk of carbon leakage.  “Carbon leakage” refers to a hypothetical situation where companies transfer production to countries with weaker climate policies in order to lower their costs.  This policy briefing interprets the…

Briefings
12 Apr 2021

A New Hope – Recommendations for the EU Emissions Trading System review

Update 12/04/2021: Adjustments to the infographics “EU carbon emissions” and “The effect of a one-off EU ETS cap reduction” Executive summary With total greenhouse gas emissions of around 700 million tonnes per year, resource and energy-intensive industry is the third-largest climate polluter in Europe. The cement, chemical and steel sectors alone are responsible for almost…