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Briefings
30 Jun 2021

Two Shades of Green: How hot air forest credits are being used to avoid carbon taxes in Colombia

Update 1 July: Verra published a statement in response to this report, questioning its findings and accusing it of using flawed methodologies. Our response to Verra is available here. Executive summary The Colombian government adopted a carbon tax of approximately US$5/tCO2e covering fossil fuels in 2016. Companies can avoid paying the tax by purchasing carbon…

Policy Submissions
5 Apr 2020

Carbon Market Watch’s feedback to energy taxation directive impact assessment

Carbon Market Watch welcomes the opportunity to provide feedback on the ETD revision. Several aspects of this directive are crucial to set the EU on a  pathway compatible with the Paris Agreement’s objectives. Carbon Market Watch supports the revision of the Directive, in particular with regard to the aim of “aligning taxation of energy products…

Briefings
29 Oct 2018

The Clean Development Mechanism: Local Impacts of a Global System

Executive Summary The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was set up under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to allow developed countries to buy emissions reductions from developing countries in the form of credits, called Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs). The objectives of the CDM are to help developed countries achieve their climate commitment and to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable…

Briefings
31 Aug 2018

Reconciling CORSIA and the Sustainable Development Mechanism

Executive Summary The Paris Agreement breaks away from the division of “developed” vs. “developing” countries which was enshrined in the Kyoto Protocol. It sets a new dynamic which will inevitably impact the next generation of carbon markets. It further sets new objectives for these mechanisms, such as contributing to overall mitigation of global GHG emissions and…

Policy Submissions
27 Apr 2018

Recommendations for the Article 6.4 of the Paris Agreement

Prepared for the Bonn Climate Change Conference 30 April – 10 May 2018 In elaborating the rules, modalities, and procedures for Article 6.4, it is imperative that Parties learn from past experiences with the Kyoto Protocol’s carbon offsetting mechanisms Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI), and integrate provisions to ensure environmental integrity, foster…

Briefings
26 Apr 2018

Practitioner’s guide for local stakeholder consultation – how to ensure adequate public participation in climate mitigation actions

Introduction Over the past 20 years, global efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change have increasingly relied upon the implementation of local mitigation projects. While aiming to reduce emissions in the most cost-effective way, some of these projects have built up a record of adverse impacts on local people, resulting in the displacement of…

Policy Submissions
5 Apr 2018

Input to the Talanoa Dialogue: Scaling up carbon pricing for inclusive and effective climate action

The way our societies currently measure development and prosperity is strongly biased and incomplete. This leads most individuals and organisations to prioritise polluting activities whose net benefits to society have been artificially increased through the failure to correctly price their social and environmental impacts. The polluter-pays principle is therefore not being implemented, which is akin…

Briefings
4 May 2017

Building blocks for a robust Sustainable Development Mechanism

The Paris Agreement marks a new era for international climate action in general, and specifically for international carbon markets. Though the agreement does not mention markets per se, Article 6 paragraph 4 establishes what has become to be known as the Sustainable Development Mechanism (SDM) which builds on and shares some features of the Kyoto flexible mechanisms namely the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI).

Policy Submissions
21 Oct 2016

Joint civil society submission to SBSTA on the Sustainable Development Mechanism

The Center for International Environmental Law, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, Carbon Market Watch, CIDSE, European Association of Geographers, Forests of the World, Foundation for GAIA, Hawai’i Institute for Human Rights, Human Rights Watch, Indigenous Environmental Network, Indigenous Livelihoods Enhancement Partners, International Movement ATD Fourth World, Jeunes Volontaires pour l’Environnement, Norges Naturvernforbund (Friends of the Earth Norway), OCEANIA Human…

Briefings
14 Oct 2016

The CORSIA: ICAO’s market based measure and implications for Europe

Executive Summary On October 6th, Member States of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) agreed on an offsetting scheme to compensate for emissions growth from 2020 levels. The new scheme, called the Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), falls short of achieving the goal of carbon neutral growth in 2020 (CNG2020), let…