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Briefings
31 Jul 2020

Carbon markets 101 – the ultimate guide to global offsetting mechanisms

Introduction This briefing gives an overview of the current discussions under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement which establishes the foundation for market-based climate measures after 2020. It lays out key lessons from the Kyoto Protocol markets, highlights essential issues within the Article 6 negotiations, and provides recommendations on how to solve them. It concludes…

Briefings
7 Jul 2020

Cleaning up industry: why the EU’s strategy isn’t enough yet

Summary The new EU Industrial Strategy, released by the European Commission on 10 March 2020 as part of a larger industrial package, is the first sector-specific plan to be published since the European Green Deal was announced. It is an opportunity to put the EU economy on track towards climate neutrality, and put climate action…

Briefings
31 Mar 2020

Carbon Border Adjustments: Climate Protection or Climate Protectionism?

Pricing greenhouse gas emissions is one of the most important tools to decarbonise economies, and it has been implemented in the EU since 2005 through the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS). As part of this policy, the heavy industry benefits from large exemptions and receives nearly all of its allowances (i.e. pollution permits) for free….

Briefings
2 Dec 2019

Empty targets? How to avoid trading of hot air under the Paris Agreement

Executive summary A very large number of carbon credits has been created through the three carbon markets of the Kyoto Protocol: the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Joint Implementation (JI) and International Emissions Trading (IET). It is unclear what will happen to these mechanisms in the future and whether these old credits will be used under…

Briefings
2 Dec 2019

How to keep hot air out of the Paris Agreement – technical proposal

This document is addressed to Article 6 negotiators and Heads of Delegations at COP25, and proposes a detailed and structured text to address the issues described in the briefing “Empty targets? How to avoid the trading of hot air under the Paris Agreement”. Key numbers from the briefing: ● The potential supply of available CERs…

Letters
4 Dec 2018

Open Letter to UNFCCC Heads of Delegations on Ending the CDM

Dear UNFCCC Head of Delegation, The Paris Agreement adopted in 2015 marked a groundbreaking evolution in the global ambition to fight climate change. It also makes clear that a radical shift is required to move beyond the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). We, representing 99 organizations from around the world, are therefore calling upon you to…

Letters
29 Oct 2018

Open letter to ICAO council representatives & national delegates on ending the Clean Development Mechanism

Dear ICAO Council representatives and national delegates, The Paris Agreement adopted in 2015 marked a groundbreaking evolution in the global ambition to fight climate change. It also makes clear that a radical shift is required to move beyond the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). We, representing 61 organizations from around the world, are therefore calling upon…

Briefings
29 Oct 2018

The Clean Development Mechanism: Local Impacts of a Global System

Executive Summary The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was set up under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to allow developed countries to buy emissions reductions from developing countries in the form of credits, called Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs). The objectives of the CDM are to help developed countries achieve their climate commitment and to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable…

Letters
12 Sep 2018

Letter: CORSIA & European climate ambition on aviation

Dear Vice-President Šefčovič, Commissioner Bulc, Commissioner Arias Cañete EU aviation emissions increased 96% from 1990 to 2016, and are now 3.6% of EU emissions. These emissions are included in the EU 2030 target, and ambitious action is required to ensure the target is achieved. ICAO’s Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme (CORSIA) for International Aviation is…

Letters
31 Aug 2018

Letter to UNFCCC negotiators ahead of BKK intersession

Dear colleague, With the second session of SBSTA 48 opening in Bangkok on Tuesday, Carbon Market Watch would like to share with you the new briefing we have developed entitled “Reconciling CORSIA and the Sustainable Development Mechanism”. This document proposes an innovative and environmentally robust way to integrate the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for…