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Briefings
11 Jan 2022

A brief explanation of the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)

Our FAQ document on the EU’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) explaining its objectives, how it will work in practice, which sectors are covered, what happens during the transition phase, and more. This is a downloadable PDF. The text is also available as a webpage: A brief explanation of the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM).

Policy Submissions
13 Dec 2021

Joint NGO statement on the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism

Societies and businesses face increasing uncertainty due to more frequent and intense extreme weather events, instability in global energy and commodity markets, and unclear climate commitments by key international partners. The European Green Deal potentially provides a broad and strong suite of policy tools that have the power to create the necessary stability and certainty…

Policy Submissions
17 Nov 2021

Carbon Market Watch’s response to the public consultation on the European Commission’s proposal for a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism

The Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) could offer a better hope of decarbonisation in energy-intensive industries than free allowances, and could create a first-mover advantage for EU industry in the global race to decarbonisation. However, this will only be possible if this tool is designed to provide real incentives for industries within and outside Europe…

Policy Submissions
8 Nov 2021

Carbon Market Watch’s response to the public consultation on the European Commission’s proposal for the revision of the EU Emissions Trading System

The revision of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) represents a huge opportunity to strengthen the Directive to ensure it is in line with the 1.5˚C target under the Paris Agreement. However, the European Commission’s proposal includes two major shortcomings that should be reconsidered. Firstly, the EU-wide 55% emission reduction target proposed is inadequate to…

Briefings
30 Jun 2021

How can the EU Emissions Trading System support a union-wide coal phase-out

This policy paper complements the briefing “A New Hope – recommendations for the EU Emissions Trading System review” Introduction: The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) has been hampered by a historical oversupply since its inception. Since 2019, some of the excess allowances are being absorbed by the Market Stability Reserve (MSR), and a portion…

Briefings
30 Jun 2021

Survival guide to EU carbon market lobby: debunking claims from heavy industry

Executive summary The Emissions Trading System (ETS) is a centrepiece of the EU’s climate policy and its main tool to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Europe’s industrial and power sectors. Until today, most of the emission reductions achieved under the EU ETS were driven by the power sector due to fuel switches in the…

Briefings
7 Jun 2021

Additional profits of sectors and firms from the EU ETS 2008-2019

This report by CE Delft was commissioned by Carbon Market Watch Summary This study has calculated the additional profits that sectors and companies have made from the EU ETS between 2008 to 2019 for the fifteen most CO2-intensive sectors plus aviation in nineteen EU countries. In our study we have investigated three types of profits:…

Briefings
7 Jun 2021

The Phantom Leakage – Industry windfall profits from Europe’s carbon market 2008-2019

Executive summary  Since its inception, the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS) has been giving free allowances to most energy-intensive industries deemed at risk of carbon leakage.  “Carbon leakage” refers to a hypothetical situation where companies transfer production to countries with weaker climate policies in order to lower their costs.  This policy briefing interprets the…

Briefings
14 Apr 2021

How can the EU Emissions Trading System drive the plastics sector’s zero-carbon transition?

Introduction: Plastic production is the largest part of the chemical sector, constituting about one-third of chemicals production worldwide and about one fifth in Europe. The petrochemicals sector is the sector that uses the most energy in the world, more than the iron and steel, cement, pulp and paper, and aluminium industries, and is the third-largest…

Briefings
12 Apr 2021

A New Hope – Recommendations for the EU Emissions Trading System review

Update 12/04/2021: Adjustments to the infographics “EU carbon emissions” and “The effect of a one-off EU ETS cap reduction” Executive summary With total greenhouse gas emissions of around 700 million tonnes per year, resource and energy-intensive industry is the third-largest climate polluter in Europe. The cement, chemical and steel sectors alone are responsible for almost…