National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

Tackling climate change will require substantial reductions in carbon emissions across all sectors of the economy, alongside a rapid transition to a zero-carbon energy mix. To this end, European Union Member States are currently developing National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) that will need to be implemented in the coming years.

The NECPs are required under the EU Energy Union governance system and are designed to help Member States plan and report on how they will achieve their climate and energy objectives. Bringing all energy and climate targets into one strategy, the NECPs cover those for greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy, and energy efficiency for the next 10 years and then for every 10 year period after that.

NECPs have the potential of turning the Paris Agreement into tangible actions, act as capital raising instruments and involve citizens and civil society in key issues of the climate transition that will affect us all.

However, the overall targets and objectives set forth by the EU climate and energy legislation establish merely a minimum expected ambition level. It is therefore paramount that individual Member States design NECPs that set far more ambitious goals than this required minimum.

Furthermore, to ensure that the measures put forward can count on public support, and to guarantee proper implementation, governments must engage in an active dialogue with all members of society, including local authorities, academia, civil society organisations, investors, trade unions and the general public.

With partners across Europe, Carbon Market Watch coordinates a campaign that promotes good sectoral practices and fosters dialogue, with the mission to ensure strong and inclusive energy and climate plans to drive rapid decarbonisation in Europe. More information on the project “PlanUp” is available here.