Suppressed Demand

The very poor have such small carbon footprints that it is difficult to implement CDM projects that target them, since there are practically no emissions to reduce. The concept of ‘suppressed demand’ tries to take into account the fact that their per-capita emissions would be much higher if the poor had better access to energy …

Standardised Baselines

In Cancun in 2010 and in Durban in 2011, Parties asked for increased standardisation of CDM crediting rules (called methodologies) that are used for CDM projects, in an effort to simplify and streamline the CDM. Such simplifications reduce costs and risks for project developers. Yet standardisation also runs the risk of over-crediting and allowing many …

Harmful CDM projects

Designated National Authority (DNA) Search To get in contact with Designated National Authorities follow the link below to search by a country (Annex 1/Non-annex 1): http://cdm.unfccc.int/DNA/index.html Despite the CDM’s aim to contribute to sustainable development, CDM projects often have serious negative impacts on local communities. A majority of projects are industrial scale projects such as …

Offsetting in the EU

The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS) is a cap-and-trade system which came into force in 2005. The EU-ETS is the largest mandatory cap-and-trade scheme to date and includes 30 European countries. Up to 50% of the EU-wide reductions over the period 2008-2020 can be achieved by buying CDM and Joint Implementation (JI) offsets. This means …

New Market Mechanisms

In Durban at the COP-17 in December 2011, Parties decided that a new international market mechanism (NMM) should be established under the UNFCCC that will complement the CDM and JI. The details of how a NMM will work will be developed and negotiated in the coming months and years. Common Framework of Rules In addition …

Materiality

Materiality standards define which errors have to be corrected and which can be ignored because they are too insignificant when calculating the amount of offset credits a project receives. In principle CDM Watch agrees with having rules on materiality because it does not make sense for projects to spend lots of money paying their auditor …

Liability of Designated Operational Entities

Designated Operational Entities (DOEs) validate CDM projects and verify the offsets that are issued to a project. The CDM is an offsetting mechanism. This means that the emission reductions credited under the CDM entitle the buyers of the CERs to increase their domestic emissions correspondingly. The CDM in itself does not directly reduce global GHG …

Landfills and Incinerators

CDM municipal waste management projects can be problematic for three main reasons: They help perpetuate waste management strategies that prevent the use of other, more sustainable options They may threaten the livelihoods of waste pickers – some of the poorest people in developing countries’ cities They may overestimate the greenhouse gas reductions that can be …

Assigned Amount Units (AAU) Surplus

  The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established a cap-and-trade system that imposes national caps on the greenhouse gas emissions of developed countries that have ratified the Protocol (called Annex B countries). Each participating country is assigned an emissions target and the corresponding number of allowances – called …

Human Rights in the CDM

In 2011 the CDM Executive Board allowed two controversial projects to register, despite evidence of human rights abuses. The Board argued that it has no mandate to address the issue of human rights and that the responsibility for ensuring sustainable development lies with the host country. Problematic CDM Projects!Aguan – Biogas project, Honduras View more …