Carbon Market Watch

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Role of civil society in NAMAs

NAMAs are complex systems and require the involvement of a wide range of stakeholders to generate tangible and meaningful impacts. In many sectors (e.g. waste and agriculture) transformational impacts are strongly dependent on local knowledge. Meaningful NAMA development needs to engage with civil society, profiting from but also building local capacities.

On the ground, UNDP, UNEP, UNFCCC have developed a Guidance for NAMA design that recognises the need for broad stakeholder engagement in every stage of the process. However, it does not define particular procedures for stakeholder engagement. In fact, there are no officially agreed rules on or definitions of NAMAs or the process of stakeholder consultations in NAMAs. Engagement with stakeholders is largely left to the discretion of national governments.

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Opportunities and benefits of civil society engagement

Experience in some cases shows that engaging civil society in all stages of the NAMA process – from the concept to development and implementation phase – is a key to success of a NAMA. Civil society is an integral component of local and national interests and their involvement is vital to keep government actions in line with local needs and expectations. An extensively planned multi-stakeholder framework can ensure that NAMA activity will be publicly accepted, sustainable, while nurturing a sense of ownership through increased collaboration and enhanced information flows.

Civil society can get involved in different levels of the NAMA process and can bring many advantages to their development:

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Civil society engagement does not only strengthen NAMA sustainability, but civil society can also benefit from the process in a two-fold manner. Firstly, NAMAs can offer a tool to drive civil society’s missions and provide opportunities for governments to focus on specific areas important to them. Secondly, civil society is a major recipient of the resulting social, economic and environmental co-benefits stemming from NAMA implementation.

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For more information read our Beginner’s Guide to NAMAs

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