Carbon Market Watch

For fair and effective climate protection.

Nallakonda – Wind farm project, India

Project
Title:
Nallakonda wind farm in Andhra Pradesh
Status: Review requested
Ref #: tbc
Project
Methodology:
Renewable Energy – ACM0002 ver. 13

Wind power can be a great source of renewable energy, but if put in the wrong place it can have considerable negative impacts on local livelihoods and resources. The CDM project Nallakonda wind farm in Andhra Pradesh is undermining local community based eco-restoration efforts through the installation of a 50MW wind park. Twenty years ago the area was barren, but over the last two decades local volunteer organisations have worked together with eight villages to slowly nurture the area back to life. Now these conservation efforts are being harmed by the set-up of 63 wind turbines (0.8 MW capacity/unit) in this community forest area due to the Nallakonda CDM project. In fact, it’s already having direct negative environmental and social impacts.

More to WATCH!

Additionality & Baselines
Sustainable Development
Forestry/Land-use
Public Participation

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Although the Indian Government does not require submission of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for wind power projects, neighboring communities have identified environmental impacts such as deforestation, heavy land degradation and biodiversity loss already occurring from project activities. Local water bodies are being negatively affected as well. These significant negative environmental and social impacts have been completely omitted in the project documents. The application also lacks substantiation of factors, parameters and statements that are considered crucial for registration of CDM projects with the CDM Executive Board.

According to the PDD:

The project activity involves generation of electricity from wind, a renewable source of energy at Anantpur district in Andhra Pradesh. The proposed project activity, an initiative by Tadas Wind Energy Limited (TWEL) is aimed at exporting 50.4 MW of renewable electricity generated using Wind Electric Generators (WEGs) to the southern regional grid. The project activity would help in reducing power shortage, abatement of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and would contribute towards sustainable development of the country.

Identified shortcomings

•  Non-Additionality: According to the PDD it is not credible that the project can only be implemented because of the financial support of the CDM. The project has requested registration and is currently being reviewed by the UNFCCC because of concerns about its additionality. A decision on the registration of the project is expected soon. Read more
•  Local stakeholder consultation was inconclusive. Villagers directly impacted by the project have not been invited to the local stakeholder consultation. Read more

What we are calling for:

•  We ask the CDM Executive Board not to register the project because it is not additional.
•  We ask the project participants to undertake reparations and restoration efforts to compensate for the damage caused to local community and ecosystems.
•  We ask the project participants to live up to their claim to create employment for the local population.  Although 48 jobs have been promised, only 6 people have so far been hired.
•  Although there are many wind parks in the Kalpavalli area, villages do not have electricity. We ask the project participants to live up to the principle of the CDM of sustainable development and provide the local rural area with a minimum of electricity supply generated by the project.

To read more about this project:

View these articles in our Watch This! NGO Newsletter

View the comments we submitted during the global stakeholder consultation period

View our Network member comments and presentations